What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder that is classified by the occupation of widespread pain without a common cause. FM results in fatigue and intensified musculoskeletal pain throughout the body, aches, stiffness, general fatigue, and soft tissue tenderness and sleep disturbance. Fibromyalgia targets women and men, but predominantly women who are of childbearing age.
The criterion of this disorder hasn’t been entirely and thoroughly developed. FM isn’t contagious or life threatening, however; recent clinical studies suggest that FM is genetically predisposed. The severity and frequency of symptoms may vary from day to day with flares (severe worsening of symptoms) or remission; however, the disorder is generally perceived as non-progressive.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia implies pain in the muscles, tendons and ligaments. The pain can be anywhere in the soft fibrous tissues of the body. The symptoms that characterize FM are chronic, widespread pain and tenderness when touched lightly. Other symptoms may include moderate to severe fatigue, muscle aches, prolonged muscle spasms, weakness in the limbs, nerve pain, functional bowel disturbances, and chronic sleep disturbances.
Although fibromyalgia is classified based on the presence of chronic widespread pain; pain may also be localized in areas such as the shoulders, neck, low back, hips, or other areas. Many people with fibromyalgia find that for a predominant amount of time, the condition prevents them from performing normal activities such as driving a car or walking up stairs. Most people suffering from FM report that there is a certain level of pain present, and fatigue arises. In order to obtain a diagnosis of FM, a patient must suffer pain in at least eleven of total eighteen tender points.
Common symptoms of Fibromyalgia include
Insomnia, chronic muscle pain, leg cramps and muscle spasms, severe fatigue, low energy level, tension and migraine headaches, restless sleep, feelings of fatigue and exhaustion after waking, difficulty concentrating, remembering and performing simple tasks, numbness or tickly feeling in the face, hands, arms, legs and feet, stiffness upon staying in one posture for too long or after waking up, feeling overly sensitive towards noise, odors, bright lights, certain foods, medications, and cold, painful menstrual periods, continuous muscle pain after exercise, symptoms of depression and anxiety.